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first_imgn Netherlands Railways is taking steps to cut shunting and engine noise at its principal yards, in a bid to reduce the noise affecting 100000 houses by 5dB(A). The measures will cost NS Reizigers 40m guilders and NS Cargo 3·5m.n Cisalpino AG announced on November 26 that it is to launch three Pendolino trains each way between Zürich and Stuttgart in May 1997; two will run to or from Milano. There will also be three Milano – Bern trains with two continuing to Basel, but a fourth trip to Genève and the planned extension from Milano to Venezia have been dropped.n Uzbekistan Railways has started tracklaying on the Guzar – Baysun – Kum-Kurgan railway to connect up the isolated lines in the south of the country (RG 6.95 p335).n Hong Kong’s Secretary for Transport Gordon Siu announced on December 11 that work on the West Rail project was to be scaled down to meet Chinese concerns over the estimated cost. Work will concentrate on the Kowloon – Yuen Long section, leaving the cross-border route to Shenzhen until later.n German Railway’s management board approved a five-year investment programme on December 3. This foresees DM49bn being spent on infrastructure and DM32bn on rolling stock, stations and other equipment by 2001.n Norwegian State Railway, British Rail and BAA plc are promoting an International Rail-Air Organisation to exchange best practice on airport rail links. For details fax BAA’s Andrew Sharp on +44 181 745 1631n On December 11, Britain’s Franchising Director John O’Brien selected Liverpool bus operator MTL Trust Holdings Ltd as preferred bidder for the Merseyrail Electrics franchise to run the city’s suburban rail services.n Burlington Northern reopened its Stampede Pass line in Washington State on December 5. At present it is used by one train a day, but this will increase to five each way during 1997. BN plans to invest US$125m by 1999 in restoring and upgrading the 125 km link.n Bangladesh Railways has started building a branch to serve two coal mines near the northern town of Parbatipur. Costed at 5·8m taka, the work includes 16 km of mixed gauge track, 10 km of broad gauge and 11 km of metre gauge.last_img read more

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Chimpanzees grow closer when they watch a movie together

first_img Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) By Katie CameroJul. 16, 2019 , 7:01 PM Watching a movie with a friend can make you feel closer to that person, and more likely to hang out with them in the future. The same, it turns out, is true of chimpanzees.Researchers analyzed 36 pairs of chimpanzees in the Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Uganda. They led the apes—two at a time—into two adjacent, caged rooms with a closed door between them. The scientists then played several 1-minute videos of baby chimps swinging on tree branches on a computer screen. In one trial, the apes watched one screen placed outside of their rooms together. In the other trial, the team added a screen and put a plastic barrier in between them, blocking the apes from watching the same video together. An eye-tracking camera was used to monitor what the apes were looking at as the videos played, with red dots showing their shifting focus (as seen in the video above).When the videos ended, the researchers opened the door separating the chimps’ rooms. The apes spent about seven more seconds in the same room with each other after watching the videos together than when they watched the videos separately. They also only groomed each other when they had watched the video together, the team reports today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Email In a separate experiment, the researchers paired apes with a human instead. They found that the apes were more motivated to approach the human, who sat on the other side of the cage, after watching the video with them—approaching them 12 seconds faster, on average—than when the two species watched the video separately.The scientists say apes don’t seek out shared experiences just to connect with others, like humans do. But they claim their study is the first to suggest apes have some of the psychology required to do so. More studies need to be done to see whether such short-term interactions, like sharing a video, strengthen great ape relationships in the long run, the team notes. If not, they may just be reveling in the temporary joy of catching a quick flick together.center_img Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Chimpanzees grow closer when they watch a movie together Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! 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