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The Misfortune of Gold in Colombia

first_imgBy Myriam Ortega/Diálogo August 29, 2017 Excelente la información, muy estructurada y soportada, de tal forma que denota claramente la importante labor de la Fuerza Pública en su lucha contra la minería ilegal que tanto daño causa en las personas y en el ambiente, más tratándose de la a explotación ilegal de oro por el uso indebido del mercurio. In coordinated operations between the Colombian Navy (by way of its Southern Naval Force), Army, Air Force, and the Colombian National Police’s Environmental and Ecological Protection Group, four homemade dredgers used for illegal gold mining were seized in the department of Guaviare. The dredges ensured a monthly gold production of $40,000. The operation, which took place in July, resulted in the capture of eight people red-handed. Simultaneously, in the areas surrounding Amacayacú National Park, above the Cothué River, in the department of Amazonas, four more dredgers that had produced $122,000 per month in illegal gold were rendered unusable. Among other tools found were 30 black sieving mats, six diving suits, and two gold smelters. Key to success “The Air Force is a key part of it, with its reconnaissance flights and the photographs they take, which were the first on which we based our planning,” Brigadier General Adolfo León Hernández Martínez, the commander of the Colombian Army’s 27th Jungle Brigade, told Diálogo. “The Southern Naval Force and Army forces jointly intervened with help from the Marine Corps, and arrived at the sites where the dredgers were.” To coordinate the operation, other entities attended meetings called “bubbles,” in which institutions with different resources and capacities work towards the common goal of fighting environmental crime. This strategy emerged more than 10 years ago with the creation of joint commands. “When we want to fight crime and attack a problem that’s become rather critical, what we do is form a bubble in which the different institutions focus on that aspect, on that crime,” Brig. Gen. Hernández noted. “All of us bring to the table everything we’ve got to fight that crime.” Coca and illegal gold are the products of a criminal network that benefit only large criminal structures. Growers and miners alike are victims of extortion, and they are the ones who earn the least from this enterprise. “The illegal value of the enterprise [illegal gold mining] moves a lot of money, but most of it ends up in the criminal organizations that are getting rich off of it,” Brig. Gen. Hernández indicated. “Organizations such as the Gulf Clan, or all the other organized armed groups whose tentacles reach into these areas, are involved in this.” According to a report by the Colombian Army’s Special Brigade against Illegal Mining, organized crime’s earnings come at a very high environmental and social cost. “Mineral exploration and extraction, done without compliance with legal requirements, has become one of the main sources of financing for illegal armed groups and criminal organizations.” Illegal gold’s footprint Colonel Ricardo Alberto Suárez Rátiva, the commander of the 3rd Marine Corps Brigade, explained to Diálogo that amateur miners use mercury in their mining process. “To get one gram of gold, the ratio is more or less two grams of mercury, it’s two to one. And a special connotation is that Colombia does not produce mercury. However, the use of that metallic chemical element in gold mining represents a hazard not only to those who handle it. “The mercury issue can manifest as cancer, or as deformities in babies and sterility in men,” Col. Suárez added. “It can also affect people’s nervous system.” The populations where illegal mining is carried out are therefore more vulnerable to illness and deformities, among other things. In addition to the illegal and/or toxic homemade methods used, illegal gold mining carries environmental costs. According to the Office of the Attorney General of Colombia, the risk of erosion, the release of toxins, watershed degradation, and the displacement of fauna are all a result of it. Scope Throughout 2017, the Southern Naval Force has destroyed 25 dredgers used for illegal resource mining, a significant achievement in countering this activity. “We’ve cleaned up illegal mining and mining sites along approximately 600 kilometers of river,” Col. Suárez stated. “But we’re still continuing these actions against criminal organizations and locating the structures that are devoted to this activity.” “At this time, with FARC terrorists no longer present in these Amazon territories, we’re directing all of the military capacities we’ve developed at environmental crimes,” Brig. Gen. Hernández added. “And those crimes include illegal mining and mining sites.”last_img read more

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Kittle agrees to 5-year extension with 49ers: Source

first_imgLast Updated: 14th August, 2020 10:17 IST Kittle Agrees To 5-year Extension With 49ers: Source All-Pro tight end George Kittle agreed to a five-year, $75 million extension with the San Francisco 49ers that is the richest contract ever at the position All-Pro tight end George Kittle agreed to a five-year, $75 million extension with the San Francisco 49ers that is the richest contract ever at the position.A person familiar with the deal said the sides agreed Thursday on the deal to keep Kittle off the market next offseason. The person spoke on condition of anonymity because the contract hadn’t been announced by the team.NFL Network first reported the terms and says the deal includes an $18 million signing bonus.“Kittle is Kittle. He’s a beast,” teammate Dee Ford said. “He’s the best blocking tight end, best catching tight end, best tight end in the league. So it’s always good competition going against him. I’m proud of him and he really deserves every penny.”Locking up Kittle was a high priority this offseason for the Niners and they were able to get it done two days before the first full team practice at training camp.Kittle had been one of the NFL’s biggest bargains after being drafted in the fifth round in 2017 and now he gets the biggest contract ever at the position. The previous high for annual value on a multiyear contract for a tight end, according to overthecap.com, was the $42 million, four-year deal Austin Hooper signed this offseason in Cleveland.Hunter Henry is playing this season for the Chargers on a $10.6 million franchise tag.The Niners could have used the tag on Kittle the next two offseasons, but instead managed to work out a long-term deal that satisfied both sides.“He’s earned it,” coach Kyle Shanahan told flagship radio station KNBR. “He does everything the right way. It starts with how talented and good you play on Sunday, which he does better than any tight end in the league. But after that, the way the guy takes care of himself. The way he works year-round to put his body in a position to stay healthy with the way he plays. It makes you believe in the guy.“It makes you believe in not what he has done, but what he’s going to do. When you have a guy like that, it makes it a lot easier for the owner to commit to him like that. We were just pumped to get it done because it’s something we all were dying to get something like that done with a player like George, and thankfully we did.”Kittle has been the most productive tight end in NFL history through his first three seasons with 197 catches for 2,664 yards. But he is almost equally as skilled as a blocker in the run game where he is a key piece in coach Kyle Shanahan’s dynamic offense.The Niners averaged 5.0 yards per carry last season with Kittle on the field, compared to 3.5 yards per carry without him, according to NFL NextGen stats.After a solid rookie season, Kittle broke through in 2018 when he set an NFL record for yards receiving in a season for tight ends when he had 88 catches for 1,377 yards and was named a second-team All-Pro.He was almost as productive last season despite missing two games with injuries when he had 85 catches for 1,053 yards and was a first—team All-Pro. He also was a major reason the Niners went 13-3 on the way to a Super Bowl appearance.It has been quite a start to a career for a player who caught only 48 passes in 25 college games at Iowa, leading him to fall to the fifth round of the draft.The Niners believed in his athleticism and potential and were surprised he lasted beyond the third round. But they were very fortunate he was there at 146th overall as the ninth tight end selected in that draft.NOTES: The 49ers also signed OL Spencer Long to a one-year deal. … The team waived DL Alex Barrett to make room on the roster.Image credits: AP SUBSCRIBE TO US COMMENT FOLLOW US First Published: 14th August, 2020 10:16 ISTcenter_img Written By WATCH US LIVE LIVE TV Associated Press Television News last_img read more

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For training of sports clubs in ”Skenderija” Centre 306 000 BAM

first_imgMinister of Culture and Sports of Sarajevo Canton Ivica Šarić and manager of Cantonal public enterprise ”Skenderija” Centre Hajriz Bećirović signed today a Protocol on keeping of trainings in halls of ”Skenderija”, reports FENA.”With this protocol we want to determine exact time of trainings in Skenderija, and help our clubs to achieve even better results”, said Šarić after the signing.With this protocol, KS Ministry of Culture and Sports will participate in expenses of keeping up of trainings in Centre’s hall from 1 January to 30 June and from 1 August to 31 December this year, said the PR office of KS.”The value of the protocol is 306 000 BAM, which is very significant for ”Skenderija”, and I because of that I want to thank minister Šarić” , noted Bećirović.This protocol includes trainings of basketball clubs Bosna, Spars 05, Koš, Realway and women basketball club Željezničar, table tennis club Bosna, Željezničar, Aladža , Spin Sarajevo and Forehand and handball school Željo.last_img read more

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